As little is known about the burden of type 1 (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in adolescents in Western Europe (WE), we aimed to explore their epidemiology among 10-24 year-olds.

Estimates were retrieved from the Global Burden of Diseases Study (GBD) 2019. We reported counts, rates per 100,000 population, and percentage changes from 1990 to 2019 for prevalence, incidence and years lived with disability (YLDs) of T1DM and T2DM, and the burden of T2DM in YLDs attributable to high body mass index (HBMI), for 24 WE countries.

In 2019, prevalence and disability estimates were higher for T1DM than T2DM among 10-24 years old adolescents in WE. However, T2DM showed a greater increase in prevalence and disability than T1DM in the 30 years observation period in all WE countries. Prevalence increased with age, while only minor differences were observed between sexes.

Our findings highlight the substantial burden posed by DM in WE among adolescents. Health system responses are needed for transition services, data collection systems, education, and obesity prevention.


  • Armocida B, Monasta L, Sawyer SM, Bustreo F, Onder G, Castelpietra G, Pricci F, Minardi V, Giacomozzi C, Abbafati C, Stafford LK, Pasovic M, Hay SI, Ong KL, Perel P, Beran D; GBD 2019 Europe Adolescent Diabetes. The Burden of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Among Adolescents and Young Adults in 24 Western European Countries, 1990-2019: Results From the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019. Int J Public Health. 2024 Feb 14;68:1606491.